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Proctor DNA Project   

Joseph Proctor

Joseph Proctor

Male Abt 1754 - 1844  (~ 90 years)

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  • Name Joseph Proctor 
    Relationshipwith Webmaster G. T. (Joe) Proctor
    Born Abt 1754  Rowan, North Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Esse Quam Videri ~ To Be, Rather Than To Seem
      Northern CardinalFlowering DogwoodLongleaf Pine

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    Gender Male 
    Item Of Interest

      Contributed by: Jen Bawden []

      Copyright. All rights reserved.

      Proctor, Joseph
      S 11270 VA

      In Estill County, Kentucky, on the 17th day of July 1833, before Richard French,
      Judge of Circuit Court of said county, Joseph Proctor, resident of Estill
      County, aged 76 years made oath: That in 1777 he lived upon the Holston River in
      Virginia. That in that year he was drafted into the militia and served a term of
      duty against the Cherokee Indians under Captain Aaron Lewis. Col. Will Campbell
      commanded. That in 1778 he enlisted under the Virginia State troops under
      Captain Riddle and came to Kentucky to protect the place against the Indians. He
      was stationed at Boonesboro. The first year at Boonesboro, he was under the
      command of Captain Benjamin Logan. That he reached Boonesboro April 1778. That
      during the year and part of the year of 1779, he did duty in the Fort at
      Boonesboro during the Great Siege of 1778. That in 1770 he went out under
      Captain Logan. General George Rogers Clark commanded. He corssed the Ohio River
      where Cincinnati now stands. He went to old Chillicothe and to Piqua town and
      destroyed them. In 1780, he entered the campaign across the Ohio against the
      Indians under Captain Vincent. General Clark commanded. That in 1780, he was a
      soldier and Indian spy under Captain James Estill. That he continued to act as
      such till Estill's Defeat in 1782, when Estill was killed. That he was in said
      Battle. That in 1786, he was in a campaign against the Indians under General
      Logan. That from 1778 he acted during the Revolutionary War as a soldier and
      Indian spy.

      Samuel Kelly, clergyman, and Matthias Horn, resident of said county, certify
      they are well acquainted with Joseph Proctor and to their belief of his

      Joseph Proctor of Estill County, Kentucky who was a private in the company
      commanded by Captain Lewis of the Regiment commanded by Col. Mill (?) of the
      Virginia Line for 3 years from 1778, was inscribed on the Pension Roll of
      Kentucky, to commence on the 4th of March 1831.


      Joseph Proctor, son of Nicholas Proctor and unknown wife was born ca. 1755
      probably Brunswick Co., Va. d. 12 Dec. 1844 Estill Co. Ky m Polly Horn (b.
      before 1765, d 1844, Estill Co., Ky.) were probably married in the
      settlement near the Holston River in NC in 1777. Several depositions of
      Joseph are the the Historical Record of Estill Co. Ky. including one
      stating he married the sister of Matthias Horn in 1777
    Item Of Interest
    • Joseph Proctor
      He was five years older than his brother Benjamin. Joseph's reputation would be made at the famous battle known as Estill's Defeat, or the Battle of Little Mountain.
      Joseph along with his brother Reuben, also Benjamin, were living at Estill's Station which was three, miles below present day Richmond, KY, and 15 miles from Fort Boonesboro. Estill's Station was considered a large fort.

      A roving band of 25 Wyandottes Indians were looking for battle. The Wyandottes were the most fear by the white settlers. Although semi-Christianized they were vicious fighters and willing to take casualties in battle. These particular 25 Indians were hand picked. They were all equally as good fighters as the white men they would face.

      Captain James Estill and his brother, Samuel, led a party of men, including Joseph and Reuben Proctor, to go looking for the Indians. This left the station virtually unmanned of fighters.

      While Captain Estill's party was looking for the Wyandottes, the Indians were looking for James Estill, vowing to kill the "great man." They were also looking to kill his brother Samuel, "big man." Samuel had once accomplished the impossible by killing two Indians with one shot.

      Looking to kill the two Estill brothers, the Indians made their way to Estill's Station. There they captured a negro slave, Monk, outside the fort. The slave was loyal… and a great liar. He informed the Indians that the fort was heavily manned. In truth, there was only one man inside the fort at the time and he was seriously disabled from previous wounds.

      As I told you before, the Indians did not like to fight against a well-manned fort. They preferred fighting in the field. They decided to look for an easier battle. But before leaving they captured a 13 year old girl outside the fort, torturing, killing and scalping her. This was on 20th of March 1782.


      At his death in 1844, he had been a member of the Methodist Church for 65
      years. He was a prominent man in his area, having been one of the
      original settlers in what is now Estill Co. Kentucky. He established
      Proctor's Chapel, later called Providence Chapel, near Foxtown in Madison
      Co. The village of Proctor in Lee Co., Ky. was named for him, because of
      his bravery in the Battle of Little Mountain (Estill's Defeat) in the
      spring of 1782. Joseph conducted prayer services at the Estill Co.,
      Courthouse every week for many years. When he died, people from two
      counties attended the funeral, and more than 1000 citizens marched in
      procession to his grave. ( Reg. of Ky. Hist. Soc. Vol. 43, p. 335) The
      site of his grave is not marked, and no one now knows exactly where it is.
      Joseph's wife, Polly, apparently died about six months before Joseph.

      The names of the children of Polly and Joseph are not known. The 1810
      Madison Co., Ky. census shows them with one boy b. 1800-1810, and one girl
      b. 1784-94, but older children wouldn't show up on this census. One child
      may have been the Mary Proctor who married in Madison Co., Ky. 2 Feb. 1795
      Thomas Noland. The 1810 census for Madison Co. also shows Thomas Noland,
      with 3 males b. 1795-1804, 1 female b. 1805-1810, and 2 males b. 1805-10.
      Joseph's will, dated 28 Feb. 1836, names his wife Polly as his heir. A
      codicil, dated 14 Aug. 1843, provided that if his wife should die before
      him, Elizabeth and Mary Jane Noland, daughters of Joseph Noland, shall be
      heirs to his estate. Joseph Noland may have been a grandson of Joseph's.
      Joseph Noland and family are found on the 1850 census in Estill co., Ky.,
      a farmer:

      JOSEPH P. NOLAND 48 B. KY.
      MARY J. NOLAND 15 B. KY

      Pension Application for Joseph Proctor, from Natl. Archives, Wash, D.C.

      State of Kentucky
      Estill County
      On this 17th day of July 1832 personally appeared in open Court before me
      Richard French _______ and presiding Judge for the Circuit Court for the
      Circuit of Estill aforesaid now sitting.

      Joseph Proctor a resident of the county of Estill aforesaid age 76 years,
      who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the
      following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of
      Congress passed June 7, 1832 -- That he entered the service of the United
      States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. --

      That in 1777 he lived upon Holston River in Virginia, does not recollect
      the name of the county at that time, that he was drafted in the Militia in
      that year and served a tour of duty against the Cherokee Indians under
      Capt. Aaron Lewis, Colo. Mill Campbell commanded - was about one month.

      That in 1778 he enlisted in the Virginia State Troops under Capt. Riddle
      and came to Kentucky to protect the country against the Indians and was
      stationed at Boonesboro - in the now County of Madison. The 1st year at
      Boonesboro he was under the command of Capt. Benjamin Logan - that he
      reached Boonesboro in April 1778 - that during the year 1778 and part of
      the year 79 he did duty in the fort at Boonesboro as a Soldier and was
      engaged in Scouting parties - was at Boonesboro during the great siege of
      1778 - that in 1779 he thinks it was, he went out under Capt. Logan, Gen'l
      George Rogers Clark commanding, crossed the Ohio River where Cincinnati
      now stands, went to Old Chillicothe on the ______ and also to the Piqua
      Towns and destroyed them - In 1780 he went on a campaign across the Ohio
      against the Indians under Capt. Vincent, Gen'l Clarke commanding - that he
      acted under him as a Soldier and as Indian Spy - and continued to act as
      such till Estill's defeat in 1782, when said Estill was killed - that he
      was in said Battle - that in 1786 he was in a campaign against the Indians
      under Gen'l Logan across the Ohio - that from 1778 he acted during the
      Revolutionary War as soldier or an Indian spy - that he has no written
      evidence in his possession of his services - that he hereby relinquishes
      every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and
      declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any
      State -

      Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

      Signed _Joseph Proctor___
    Item Of Interest
    • A JOINT RESOLUTION (SJR 69) directing the Transportation Cabinet to name the new bypass connecting Kentucky Route 52 and Kentucky Route 89 in Estill County in honor of Joseph Proctor.

      We pause to honor a hero and patriot of the Commonwealth, a man in whom "the public's confidence in his purity and integrity was absolute", the Reverend Joseph Proctor. WHEREAS, Joseph Proctor was born in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1754; and WHEREAS, a valiant young man, Joseph Proctor rallied to protect early settlers in North Carolina against uprisings of the Cherokee Nation; and WHEREAS, Joseph Proctor's early experience fighting Indians proved essential to the citizens of the Commonwealth when he moved to Boonesborough in April, 1778; and WHEREAS, Joseph Proctor assisted in defending the fort at Boonesborough in August, 1778, during a nine day siege in an attack by 500 Indians led by Canadian officers; and WHEREAS, being a fearless warrior was only one facet of Joseph Proctor's personality, for, in 1809, he was ordained a Methodist Episcopal minister; and WHEREAS, Joseph Proctor, along with Thomas Todd, was one of the first families to build a home in what is now Estill County; and WHEREAS, Joseph Proctor's first home was a cabin on Sweet Lick Creek, now known as Estill Springs; and WHEREAS, Reverend Joseph Proctor founded two of the earliest churches in Estill County, the first being the Methodist Episcopal Church at the rural community of Kimbrell in 1809, and the second being Proctor's Chapel which was located on White Oak Creek; and WHEREAS, Reverend Joseph Proctor's ministry was most notable for the weekly prayer meetings he held each Thursday night in Estill County -- after the first courthouse was built and until his death in 1844, Joseph Proctor could be found in the County Clerk's office sharing the gospel; and WHEREAS, even though Reverend Joseph Proctor was not a native Kentuckian, his contributions to the Commonwealth's early struggles were critical to the state's success for he was instrumental in protecting both the physical and religious lives of those first pioneer families;

      NOW, THEREFORE, Be it resolved by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky:

      Section 1. The Transportation Cabinet is directed to name the new by-pass connecting Kentucky Route 52 and Kentucky Route 89 in Estill County the "Joseph Proctor Memorial By-Pass".

      Section 2. The Transportation Cabinet is directed to erect signs at each junction of the new by-pass with Kentucky Route 52 and Kentucky Route 89 that read "The Joseph Proctor Memorial By-Pass" within thirty (30) days of the effective date of this Resolution.

      Approved April 3, 2000
    Item Of Interest

      By Ralph Barnes

      Citizens Voice and Times December 28, 1995

      Joseph Proctor, noted Indian fighter and Methodist preacher, is perhaps Estill County's most famous historic figure. He was born around 1755 in Rowan County, NC, and later emigrated with several of his brothers to the wilderness in the extreme eastern portion of the state.

      He was among the first people to settle on the Holston River located in present day Washington County, North Carolina. While living on the Holston, two important events occurred in his life that would have future consequences for Estill County.

      First, he married Polly Horn, daughter of Aaron Horn, progenitor of the Horn family in Estill County. Secondly, he enlisted in the Virginia Militia that was formed by Governor Patrick Henry of Virginia in 1778 to defend Fort Boonesborough at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. The establishment of Boonesborough in 1774 was perceived by the Indians as an encroachment on their territory. Soon after the fort was established, the colonists broke with England and the British teamed with the Indian nations to dislodge the settlers from their toehold in Kentucky.

      Since the arrival of the Proctors and the Horns in Virginia coincided with the founding of the first settlements in the Blue Grass, they were positioned in the right place at the right time to participate in the historic events that were about to unfold. By January of 1778, the situation became critical when Daniel Boone and two dozen men from Boonesborough were captured by the Indians and the survival of the fledgling settlement became cause for concern among the members of the Virginia General Assembly in Williamsburg.

      In response, Governor Patrick Henry formed a military unit out of the men in Washington County, including Joseph Proctor and his Horn in-laws, and ordered the unit to Kentucky to protect the settllements. The soldiers and other members of their family left for the three hundred mile journey to Boonesborough in the dead of winter. This trek to Fort Boonesborough was completed under the most difficult conditions imaginable. Most of the adults walked every step of the way, often carrying small children over steep mountains and across numerous icy rivers and streams. The route followed was known as the Wilderness Road but in reality it was no more than a series of buffalo traces and Indian trails that were hardly fit for hiking and were ill suited for wagons and carts. In addition to being exposed to the harsh winter elements, the trekkers had to be constantly on guard against an ambush from the Indians.

      Unfortunately, conditions did not improve much for the weary travelers when they reached Fort Boonesborough in April of 1778. The inhabitants of the fort had been through a difficult time since Boone and his men were captured and had little in the way of comforts to offer the new arrivals. The residents had been unable to get in a crop due to the constant activity of the Indians and food was in short supply. In addition, the compound was not a very pleasant place to live. Quarters inside the stockade were cramped, thick mud covered the parade ground area and the unsanitary conditions created an offensive smell that pervaded the compound. Many people lacked adequate clothing to provide protection from the elements and in some cases to even protect their modesty. As bad as things were, living conditions were the least of the settlers concerns. In the months following the arrival of the Washington County contingent, the fort withstood the most furioius Indian siege in American history.

      After the Shawnees captured Boone and his party at the salt lick, the captives were taken to the main Indian camp near present day Dayton, Ohio. The prisoners were accorded good treatment and several were actually adopted as Shawnees by their captors. However, their kinfolk and friends back in the fort did not know how they had fared and were very anxious about their safety. After the troops from Virginia arrived, they made several raids across the Ohio River in a vain attempt to free the captives. Ironically, some of the soldiers who accompanied the raiding party to the Miami River Valley were the vanguard for the hordes of their Estill County descendants that would flock to the area one hundred and fifty years later. Eventually Boone overheard the Indians discussing a raid on Fort Boonesborough and made a daring escape back to the fort in time to warn the colonists of the impending attack. Thanks to Boone's timely alarm, the fort was able to withstand a nine-day siege in what turned out to be the most important battle ever fought between American settlers and the Indians.

      After the Indians and the British were repelled at Boonesborough, they would never again seriously challenge the westward expansion of the American nation where retrenchment was even a remote possibility. Had the Indians and British forced the settlers out of Kentucky they could have set in motion a series of events that could have detrimentally effected the eventual American victory in the Revolutionary War. Had the colonists lost the war, the history of the United States probably would have been significantly altered.

      The Indians continued to raid south of the Ohio River until the end of the war, but after September of 1778 the survival of the settlements in Kentucky was assured. It is believed that several of the Proctors and most of Aaron Horn's family were in the fort during the siege. At one point, the Indians requested that the women in the fort be paraded before the gate so that they could get their first glimpse of white women. The fort's defenders complied with their request to buy time and the women strutted their stuff before the assembled Indians. It is not known for certain what affect this display had on the Indians but they soon gave up the struggle and returned to Ohio.
    1810 3rd US Census Madison, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    1820 4th US Census Ravenna, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    1840 6th US Census Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Offsite Search Results as of 23 Apr 2017 
    From Different Genealogy Websites 
    Died 01 Dec 1844  Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Nicholas Proctor
    Nicholas Proctor
    Fort Boonesborough Memorial
    Photo Courtesy of The
    Ellen McMeekin Family Collection
    Age ~ 90 years 
    Buried 03 Dec 1844  Scholl Family Burial Grounds (Methodist Church Cemetery), Irvine, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    American Revolutionary War Veteran
    American Revolutionary War Veteran
    1775-1783 English Colonists vs. Great Britain
    American Revolution
    Scholl Family Burial Grounds (Methodist Church Cemetery), Irvine, Estill, Kentucky, United States
    Scholl Family Burial Grounds (Methodist Church Cemetery), Irvine, Estill, Kentucky, United States
    Photo Credit: Find A GraveGlynn
    Reverend Joseph Proctor
    Reverend Joseph Proctor
    Photo Credit: Find A GraveJen Bawden
    • It hasn't been proven that Joseph and Polly had children, but his will left property to two daughters of Joseph NOLAND, so it is possible that a Proctor daughter was married to Joseph Noland.

      Deposition of JOSEPH PROCTOR (taken at Colonel MILLER's Tavern at Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky, on August 1, 1803, before. JOHN KINCAID, Justice of the Peace):

      That he was a resident of this country at time Captain JAMES ESTILL was killed and was' in the engagement with the Indians at the time.

      Question by plaintiff:
      Was the battle fought by Captain James Estill in which he was killed, a circumstance of great notoriety in this country at that time?
      Answer: It was.

      Question by same:
      When was the battle fought?
      In Spring 1782.

      Question by same:
      Was not the place where Captain James Estill was killed a place of as great notoriety as the Mud Lick, or any other noted place out of the settlements at that time?
      It was.

      Question by same:
      Do you not believe that any persons desirous of knowing the place where Captain James Estill was killed might easily have got such information as might have enabled him to have found the place with ease?
      I do.

      Question by same:
      How many men was engaged in the battle?
      Twenty five.

      Question by same:
      Were they not collected from different stations in this country?
      They were.

      Question by same:
      Did you see an Indian kill Captain James Estill?
      I did.

      Question by same:
      Where was Captain James Estill killed?
      He was killed on Hingston Creek about two miles below Small mountain.

      Question by same:
      Did you go on the battle ground with others to bury the dead a few days after the battle was fought?
      Answer: I did.

      Question by same:
      How many men do you suppose was in the company with you when you buried the dead on Estill's battleground?
      I believe there was between 40 and 50 men.

      Question by same:
      Were the men who went with you to bury the dead collected from different settlements in this country'?
      They were.

      Question by same:
      Did Captain James Estill lay on the same spot of ground when you went on the battle ground to bury the dead that he was, killed on'?
      I think he did.

      Question by DAVID CREWS:
      Was there any marks whereby the place could be known on the trees or any other marks whereby it could be known now'?
      Yes, there was a bend in the creek and a small branch that put in about the place that the battle began which was at a Buffalo crossing on the creek. The branch come in on the east side of the creek.

      Question by same:
      How far was Estill killed from the place where the battle first began'?
      About 145 steps.

      Question by plaintiff:
      Was there not marks of bullets and signs of burying the dead on the battle ground the first of January 1783 where by a stranger might have been directed in such a manner that he might easily have found it?
      Answer: There was.

      p.186, Deposition of SAMUEL ESTILL (taken in Madison County on August 1, 1803 before JOHN KINCAID, Justice 0£ the Peace): That the event of Captain James Estill's defeat and death was a circumstance of great notoriety in this country as he was killed as this deponent understands on Hingston creek, near Small Mountain, by the Indians in battle.
    Person ID I3192  Proctor
    Last Modified 26 May 2015 

    Father Ancestors Captain Nicholas Proctor Sr.
              b. Abt 1725, Brunswick, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. Abt 1790, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Mother Nancy Smith Proctor
              b. Abt 1733, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1809, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married Unknown 
    Family ID F1054  Group Sheet  |  Family chart

    Family Ancestors Polly Horn Proctor
              b. (Birth Place Unknown) ~ If Info Available - Please Submit via Suggest Tab Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. Abt 1844, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1777  [2
    Married: 1x1. Mary Ann Proctor
              b. Abt 1776, (Birth Place Unknown) ~ If Info Available - Please Submit via Suggest Tab Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. Abt 1860, Estill, Kentucky, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 84 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jun 2008 00:00:00 
    Family ID F2275  Group Sheet  |  Family chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1754 - Rowan, North Carolina, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google Maps1810 3rd US Census - - Madison, Kentucky, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google Maps1820 4th US Census - - Ravenna, Estill, Kentucky, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google Maps1840 6th US Census - - Estill, Kentucky, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 01 Dec 1844 - Estill, Kentucky, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 03 Dec 1844 - Scholl Family Burial Grounds (Methodist Church Cemetery), Irvine, Estill, Kentucky, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S90] Texas State Library and Archives Commission, (United States Census Enumerations / Heritage Quest Online / Family Search / Uncounted State Vital Records).

    2. [S133] Shirley Ross Family Records.

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